ww2 river class frigate

Le design de la classe River a été utilisé comme base de la classe Tacoma pour la Marine des États-Unis. Douze frégates ont été construites en Australie : le dernier, le HMAS Diamantina, fut préservé et est devenu un navire musée au Musée Maritime de Queensland à Brisbane. Early River class units were available for the turning point convoy battles of the winter of 1942-43. Mark Walters FCCA Member. The majority served with the Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), with some serving in the other Allied navies; the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), the Free French Navy (FFN), the Royal Netherlands Navy and, post-war, the South African Navy (SAN). HMIS Sutlej, Jumna, Kistna, Cauvery, Narbada, Godavari, Hindustan. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. The majority served with the Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), with some serving in the other Allied navies; the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), the Free French Navy (FFN), the Royal Netherlands Navy and, post-war, the South African Navy (SAN). The corvette’s flaws became obvious with the first trials at sea. 151 frigates were built for seven navies during World War II. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Twelve River-class frigates were built in Australia for the RAN (four to a modified design), the last of which is HMAS Diamantina, preserved as a museum ship at the Queensland Maritime Museum in Brisbane, Australia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A River-class frigate, HMAS Macquarie (K532) circa … After World War II they found employment in many other navies the world over; several RCN ships were sunk as breakwaters. HMAS Diamantina, Royal Australian Navy, WW2 River Class Frigate Nomenclature of the RIN in WW2 Tir Class Frigates. Dans les années 1948-49, les six frégates bénéficient d'une refonte de leur armement. Early River cl… The majority served with the RN & RCN, some served with other Allied navies. Two were commissioned in 1942 as USS Asheville (PF-1) and USS Natchez (PF-2), they were armed with U.S.N. As the war progressed, the operational experience gained by Flower-Class crews provided useful feedback that enabled the Royal Navy to design and build a range of vastly superior frigates and destroyers, such as the River-Class frigate. … Le jour J, quatre frégates participent au débarquement sur les plages normandes : L'Escarmouche et L'Aventure à Omaha Beach, La Surprise à Gold Beach et La Découverte [2] à Juno Beach. Quite the same Wikipedia. 8 × QF 20 mm Oerlikon, single mounts Mk.III. V gun, "Canadian Participation on D-Day and In The Battle of Normandy", http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/newsroom/view_news_e.asp?id=1394, Convoy escort movements for River-class frigates, List of patrol vessels of the United States Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/River-class_frigate?oldid=2624688, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, RN group I, RN group II, RAN group I, RAN group II, RCN group, 1,370 long tons (1,390 t; 1,530 short tons), 440 long tons (450 t; 490 short tons) oil fuel; 7,200 nautical miles (13,300 km; 8,300 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph), 646 long tons (656 t; 724 short tons) oil fuel; 7,500 nautical miles (13,890 km) at 15 knots (27.8 km/h), 1,445 long tons (1,468 t; 1,618 short tons), 1,420 long tons (1,440 t; 1,590 short tons), 500 long tons (510 t; 560 short tons) oil fuel; 5,180 nautical miles (9,593 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h). They gave at least twice the illumination and twice the firepower of lesser escorts. 640 10. They were an innovative design based on the experience of three years of fighting in the Battle of the Atlantic and attendant technological advances. La majorité des unités ont servi dans la Royal Navy et la Marine royale canadienne, les autres dans les diverses marines alliées : la Marine royale australienne, la Marine royale néerlandaise, la Marine sud-africaine et les Forces navales françaises libres (FNFL). Les deux canons anglais de 102 mm sont remplacés par deux canons allemands de 105 mm. River-class frigate. La technique de construction simplifiée de ces frégates a été dérivée de celle initiée lors de la construction des corvettes de classe Flower. The River class was a class of 151 frigates launched between 1941 and 1944 for use as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the North Atlantic.The majority served with the Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Canadian Navy(RCN), with some serving in the other Allied navies: the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), the Free French Navy (FFN), the Royal Netherlands Navy and, post-war, the South African Navy (SAN). L'armement anti-aérien est renforcé par l'ajout de deux Bofors 40 mm avec six à huit oerlikons. HMIS Tir, Khukri, Shamsher, Dhanush These River clas Frigates were acquired from December 1945, so they had no service in WW2. Ten ships built in Canada were assigned to the United States Navy (USN) to cover for a shortage of suitable convoy escorts until American-built ships became available. 8 × 20 mm QF Oerlikon A/A on twin mounts Mk.V. The River class frigates were by this stage re-categorised as destroyer escorts. River-class frigates primarily served with the Royal Navy, but they also served with many other nations during WW2, such as Canada, Australia, the USA, France, Netherlands and South Africa. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 13 mai 2020 à 08:17. The Loch class was a class of anti-submarine (A/S) frigate built for the Royal Navy and her Allies during World War II. | list4=, | group7=United States NavyAsheville class Pennant: K 92 Built by: Fleming & Ferguson Ltd. (Paisley, Scotland) Ordered: 11 Feb, 1941 Laid down: 16 May, 1941 Launched: 19 Mar, 1942 Commissioned: 6 Aug, 1942 History: Served in Escort groups (including 40th Escort Group and Escort … Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, beaucoup d'unités rescapées ont été transférées dans d'autres marines du monde entier et certaines ont fini comme brise-lame. The River-class frigate was a class of 151 frigates launched between 1941 and 1944 for use as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the North Atlantic. The River-class ships were designed by naval engineer William Reed to have the endurance and anti-submarine capabilities of the Black Swan-class sloops, while being quick and cheap to build in civil dockyards using the machinery (e.g. The River-class design was used as the basis for the United States Navy's Tacoma class (which served in the Royal Navy as the Colony class), and the hull design was later elaborated into the Loch class, and subsequently the Bay class. River class were designed for North Atlantic weather conditions and included the most effective anti-submarine sensors and weapons. One, HMCS Stormont, was purchased by Aristotle Onasis and converted into the luxury yacht Christina O. The Admiralty had decided to cease Flower-class construction in favour of the larger River-class frigates as the Flower class had originally been intended for coastal escort work and were not entirely satisfactory for Atlantic convoy service. La classe River est une classe de 151 frégates lancées entre 1941 et 1944 pour être utilisés à la lutte anti sous-marine dans les escortes de convoi en Atlantique du Nord. HMS Rother and HMS Spey were launched in late 1941, and Canadian and Australian construction continued through 1944. Commonwealth frigates were specifically designed as anti-submarine escorts for trans-Atlantic convoys. River class frigates generally replaced the old Town and V&W class destroyers which had been assigned to ocean escort groups. Mined. Welcome aboard the Diamantina – (nominated as a Queensland Icon), a Royal Australian Navy frigate built in Queensland and commissioned in 1945 and one of the last remaining World War II River Class frigate in the world. River class frigates offered the size, speed, and endurance of escort sloops using inexpensive reciprocating machinery of corvettes. Leur construction devait être rapide et bon marché dans des chantiers navals civils : les navires furent équipés de machines alternatives à vapeur plutôt que des turbines à vapeur. As a River-class frigate, Itchen was one of 151 frigates launched between 1941 and 1944 for use as anti-submarine convoy escorts, named after rivers in the United Kingdom. As well as serving in the warship role, the River class destroyer escorts have served as diplomats. reciprocating-steam engines instead of turbines) and construction techniques pioneered in the building of the Flower-class corvettes. Itchen was built to the RN's specifications as a Group I River-class frigate. River Class frigates were much better armed than were corvettes or other lesser vessels. The River-class frigate was a class of 151 frigates launched between 1941 and 1944 for use as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the North Atlantic. THE ROYAL NAVY DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR The British River Class frigate HMS Helmsdale (K 253) at Greenock. Sutlej Class Sloops. Dix frégates construites au Canada ont été assignés à l'United States Navy sous le nom de classe Asheville pour couvrir pour un manque d'escortes de convois américains. CANADIAN RIVER CLASS FRIGATES HMCS Capilano - a typical frigate. She was commanded by Lieutenant Commander L J Simpson, RNR. This six sloops had different origins: The first ones, commissioned during WW2, were of the Bittern class, later Black Swan class … Le HMCS Stormont K327 a été racheté par Aristote Onassis pour devenir un yacht de luxe, le Christina O. Les bateaux de classe River ont été conçus par l'ingénieur naval William Reed pour avoir l'endurance et les capacités anti-sous-marines des escorteurs de classe Black Swan. Frigates have provided one of the most … They remained popular even after the war, serving with Denmark, Norway, New Zealand, India, Portugal, Egypt, Argentina, Chile and many more nations! She served in the North Atlantic during World War II. Note that US Navy "escort destroyers", are destroyer class vessels and found in that list.1234 The List of ships of World War II contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. | list7=, For other naval ship classes of the same name, see, British naval ship classes of the Second World War, United States naval ship classes of World War II, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II frigates of the United Kingdom, QF 12-pdr 12 cwt (3-inch (76.20 mm)) Mk. Tour the ship from stem to stern and from bridge to engine room. Mark Walters FCCA Member. Le roman La mer cruelle et le film homonyme La Mer cruelle décrivent l'activité d'une frégate River fictive le Saltash Castle, dont le rôle est tenue par la F362 Porchester Castle. Just better. English: The River class frigates served with the UK, Free French, Australian and Canadian navies in World War II and later. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. … Towed to port and declared a total loss. Pour les autres classes de navires du même nom, voir, Navires perdus durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, HMS River class sur site navalstory.flixco, Histoire du Lucifer II sur le site de la Société nationale académique de Cherbourg, Lucifer II ex Découverste sur site netmarine, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Classe_River_(frégate)&oldid=170801435, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. HMS Rother and HMS Spey were launched in late 1941, and Canadian and Australian construction continued through 1944. In the event, only two were commissioned in the USN, the remaining eight were commissioned in the RN and RCN. Twin 4-inch (102-mm.) In particular, they were slow, poorly armed and rolled badly in rough seas, which quickly exhausted their crews. HMCS KOOTENAY (ex HMS DECOY) Canadian River Class Destroyer (RN 'D' Class) - 1944 (reissued Armada kit with full hull) 11" long: kit photos $ 110.00 forward-mounted guns, built in Canada by Massey-Harris, were used both to engage and to illuminate surface targets. The frigate is faster, more comfortable and better armed than the corvette, with twice its autonomy; it can sail 13,335 miles at a speed of 12 knots. | group4= Free French Naval Forces HMS Swale, a River Class Frigate.151 River Class frigates were launched between '41 and '44 for use as convoy escorts in the North Atlantic. 640 10. The list includes frigate class ships, such as US Navy "destroyer escorts", and British "escort destroyers" and sloops. Member. However, many shipyards were not large enough to build frigates. River class frigates offered the size, speed, and endurance of escort sloops using inexpensive reciprocating machinery of corvettes. Ten River class frigates were built for the United States in Canada. HMS Exe - River Class Frigate. 2 × Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, reciprocating vertical triple expansion, 5,500 ihp (4,100 kW). Six frégates de la classe River sont transférées à la Marine nationale française en 1944. This is a list of frigates of World War II. Derwent , in company with HMAS Brisbane , took part in the first bilateral naval exercises with Indonesia, whilst some of her sister ships visited China as well as the regular South East Asian and Pacific ports. La classe River est une classe de 151 frégates lancées entre 1941 et 1944 pour être utilisés à la lutte anti sous-marine dans les escortes de convoi en Atlantique du Nord. River class were designed for North Atlantic weather conditions and included the most effective anti-submarine sensors and weapons. To correct those problems, naval engineer William Reed designed a larger ship, the River class frigate. Post Jun 19, 2006 #1 2006-06-19T19:22. Yet our eight WW2 River-class frigates, the immediate post-war Bay class frigates, the converted-destroyer frigates; and the current guided missile frigates serving with the Navy today all have come to enjoy something of that swashbuckling Nelson touch in the exciting and multifarious assignments that have come their way in war and peace. Mounts Mk.III frigate HMS Helmsdale ( K 253 ) at Greenock luxury yacht Christina O × Admiralty 3-drum boilers 2... Point convoy battles of the Flower-class corvettes triple expansion, 5,500 ihp ( 4,100 kW.. Were slow, poorly armed and rolled badly in rough seas, which quickly their... Base de la construction des corvettes de classe Flower RIN in WW2 Tir class frigates were built for United... World War II they found employment in many other navies the World ;. 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