A file folder project can become part of a child’s portfolio of work and are a great tool for reviewing completed work.BUY NOW. Slave traders often separated partners. Free Printable Chore Charts The court found Galant guilty of murder and he and two other slaves were executed. It could be used in a homeschool co-op group or a traditional school classroom situation too. Some of the work activities that slaves did in the home. Others were put into prison for taking part in the rebellion. The slaves brought, to Cape Town, their own music, language and design (clothes and art), which was rich in colour and different to the 'Cape Dutch' style. Some slaves heard that this was going to happen, and rebelled because they believed that they would be given their freedom earlier. . The slaves had to learn Dutch. The hands-on activities are fun and develop fine motor skills.4. Homeschool Questions AFRICA had no farming. Technology Here are some of them: All slaves had to be indoors by 10 pm and if they were not, they had to carry a light if they were on the streets. A mini-book project enables children to work with small bits of information that can then be arranged onto a file folder to create a complete project. Free Curricula This is the second-oldest building in Cape Town and is now a museum. In April 1652, Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape with 100 men and women, including his wife Maria de la Quellerie. On 6 April 1652, Van Riebeeck dropped anchor in Table Bay. In 1658 there were only 11 slaves at the Cape. Children love to learn by doing!5. When they got close to Cape Town, they were met by a group of soldiers. (1) Islam arrived with slaves from Islamic countries and spread throughout South Africa. Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C. The VOC decided it would be a good idea to set up a half-way station at the Cape so that fresh fruit and vegetables could be grown for the sailors. GED ... were at war with the Dutch over control of the seas. The slaves were taken from their homes, to the Cape, on ships. The first slaves to arrive at the Cape came from Angola. Some were born to parents who were slaves, and so would become slaves themselves. The initial purpose of the settlement was … Total: 10, Results of the Dutch arrival and settlement, Slaves at the Cape: Why slaves were brought to the Cape, Slave Lodge museum in Adderley Street. Later the same year another ship arrived with more slaves. What are the reasons for the Dutch settlement at the Cape?-. Afrikaans High School & Matric, Preschool: ABC Fun & 1-2-3 Great Britain seized the Cape settlement from the Dutch in 1795 in order to keep it out of the hands of Holland’s ally, Revolutionary France. Such people were known as Free Burghers. He was very light- skinned, and many people thought he was white. Reasons for Dutch settlement at the cape. Project packs can be incorporated into unit studies, supplement topics of study or stand alone.8. Slavery affected the economy of the Cape, as well as the lives of almost everyone living there. Slaves were bought and sold at DElC slave auctions (sales) and private auctions. The Portuguese, attracted by the riches of Asia, made no permanent settlement at the Cape Colony. SA Board Game The creative possibilities are endless. Free Printables Image source. When the sailors eventually got back to Holland they gave the DEIC or VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) wonderful reports about what they had seen at the Cape – plenty of water, fertile land and lots of wild animals. Pay by EFT and select the option for the bank to send proof of payment to Wendy at the email address above, SAVINGS Account 2345020008 (you must select SAVINGS if your bank has CURRENT as the default account type or the payment might fail), Acc holder WT Young T/A Footprints On Our Land, (For a quick currency conversion go to www.xe.com.). The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa named after the Cape of Good Hope.The British colony was preceded by an earlier Corporate colony that became a Dutch colony of the same name (controlled by France), the Kaap de Goede Hoop, established in 1652 by the United East India Company (VOC). Parent Books Use this printable file folder project to learn all about the early days at the Cape settlement. They stopped at the Cape to get fresh water and food. Some slave owners rented out their slaves to do unskilled work such as working in the docks. Slavery was abolished in 1834. Maths Sample of a completed file folder project. As they moved inland, conflicts grew worse. They hunted seals, penguins and wild animals. The first thing the men did was to build a fort for protection. After unsuccessful efforts at colonization, the Dutch Parliament chartered the "West India Company," a national-joint stock company that would organize and oversee all Dutch ventures in the Western Hemisphere. Image source. The Dutch stole as well as bought cattle from the Khoikhoi. In 1647, the Haerlem, a Dutch trading ship, was shipwrecked in Table Bay. Special Needs (SEN) The VOC realised that the company could not produce enough food for the passing ships so they allowed some of their people to set up their own farms. Later, they did not trust the Dutch and did not want to work for them at all. 2. The expansion of the Dutch settlement into the south-western Cape and the Cape interior led to the disintegration and impoverishment of the Khoesan. Click here for more South African History File Folder Projects, Cambridge Central to ensuring a stable supply of refreshments and meat … The Cape came under VOC rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806. There were also farmers outside the town. They had to sail for months to get from Europe to the East and months to sail back home. He set out along with his wife, Maria (nee de la Quellerie) and about 90 others, from Texel, Holland on the Drommedaris, his flagship, the Reyger and the Goede Hoop. From 1961 to 1991 it was used as a maximum security prison. Explain the difference between the fort and the Castle. The locals don’t want to work for us. The slaves added words from their own languages. Activity 3 SA Art Appreciation Its influence also lasted long after the abolition of slavery in 1838. (Temperate and cool climate). A file folder project will enable your children to work on and review key information about the topic being studied.2. Van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape on 6 April 1652 as an employee of the VOC to spearhead the establishment of the refreshment outpost at the Cape. Remember, the risk is all ours. Slaves were not allowed to gather outside the entrances of church buildings during services. As the settlement grew, the settlers needed more and more land for farming. Yet by that time, half a century after the first settlement, the burgher families still number only 1779 men, women and children - consisting of Dutch… Dismiss, (you must select SAVINGS if your bank has CURRENT as the default account type or the payment might fail), Ages 12-16 Footprints into the 21st Century, South African History File Folder Projects. The Cape was colonised by the Dutch East India Company, better known as the VOC (short for Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) in the mid-17th century. Some Dutch VOC officials working in the east bought slaves. Slaves were in the Cape for 180 years. The Cape became a meeting place for sailors and a useful port of call where messages could be exchanged. Image source. Further political development occurred in 1840 when the Cape Town Municipality was formed. In time, this language became Afrikaans. If slaves ever tried to run away, they would be caught and put in chains to stop them from doing it again. Slavery was illegal in Holland; so on their way home to Holland they sold their slaves at the Cape. Sponsored by the West India Company, 30 families arrived in North America in 1624, establishing a settlement on present-day Manhattan. Any children born to slaves were owned by the slave owners. It was used for military purposes during the Second World War. The Dutch were the first Europeans to colonize the Cape. His successor was Simon van der Stel, a well-travelled man with exposure to wine growing in Europe. The VOC was a Dutch commercial company, with the sole purpose of establishing settlements or “colonies” to increase profit. Email Wendy the title of the lapbook you wish to order at firstname.lastname@example.org, 2. Their success attracted competition especially from the Dutch and the English. Reasons: DEIC permanent settlement at the Cape 1652. Trekboers (Cape Archives) As the whites moved inland to find the best farmlands they seriously encroached on Khoikhoi land. Later, slaves came mainly from countries along the Indian Ocean trade route because the Dutch East India Company was, by then, allowed to trade only along the East Coast of Africa and with countries in the East. The introduction of Free Burghers to the Cape is regarded as the beginning of a permanent settlement of Europeans in South Africa and the inception of the Boer people. Children can be creative and add their unique touch to their projects.6. It still exists today, but is no longer a vegetable garden. b The Huguenots constitutes a out one-sixth of the then white population. It was very difficult for slaves in the Cape to lead normal family lives. Those who completed their three-year contract could apply to become free from the DElC. Following the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks, it was actually the Portuguese who first set out to find an alternative sea-route to India & China. Image source, Activity 4 Many words in Afrikaans were influenced by the languages the slaves spoke. Sometimes the VOC sent a ship to the east just to get a load of slaves. In the city, slaves did almost all skilled work. The Dutch recognising the value of the refugees, encouraged the French families to seek new homes in Dutch settlements. In this time, slaves and their descendants made an enormous cultural contribution to Cape Town and the area around it. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. It has been used in various ways over the last 400 years: it has served as a hospital for lepers as well as for insane and very ill patients. They would sell some of their slaves while they were there. Otherwise, slaves slept in kitchens or outside when it was warm. The Cape of Good Hope was a Dutch settlement from 1652 until 1795. 3. Later, free citizens of the town and farmers in the countryside were also granted the right to own slaves. (1) In 1660 a Dutch ship with 150 slaves from Angola arrived at the Cape. The soldiers were armed and they defeated the slave group. Galant and the other slaves killed Van der Merwe and two other white people. Start by marking “An account of the Cape of Good Hope; containing an historical view of its original settlement by the Dutch, its capture by the British in 1795, and the different policy pursued there by the Dutch and British governments. (3) . Many farms produced both wheat and grapes. They went on trial for murder. They faced lives as miserable as their parents', with very little hope of escape. Afrikaans first developed as a slave language that emerged from the mixture of Dutch, English, and other European and Malay languages. This situation led to conflict with the indigenous people. 1. They produced food for the growing settlement. 1. As more Dutch settlers arrived at the Cape, they needed more workers to plant gardens, build houses and run the refreshment station. At its inception, the population stood at 20,016, of which 10,560 were white. P.P.S. They were housed in the Slave Lodge in Adderley Street. The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. The settlers built houses, shops, taverns and offices and a new town grew. A group of soldiers came from Cape Town and caught Galant and the other slaves. (1) 1. Many slaves were skilled builders, cabinet-makers, plasterers, dressmakers, bricklayers and carpenters. Before any settlement was established at the Cape, many ships called in at Table Bay for refreshment. What does DEIC stand for? The VOC was the wealthiest and most powerful trading company in the world at that time. Evidence of these skills can still be seen in the Cape Dutch buildings and architecture built at that time. List the names of the 5 bastions (projecting parts) of the Castle. (1) However, they did not want to leave their cattle and so were not always available. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. When Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape, he was forbidden by the Dutch to enslave any of the local people. Two more supply ships, the Olifant and the Walvis followed shortly after. They were also not allowed to stop and talk to other slaves when out on the streets. They were Huguenots, who were French Protestants who had been persecuted (treated cruelly and unfairly) by the Catholic government of France. They were not allowed to ride on wagons and horses in the street. In this ebook, we supply you and your students with reference information, instructions as well as the printable templates to make a series of mini-booklets on each sub-topic. Total: 5. This was known as the Company gardens. The building, known as the Castle, still stands today. my response- = the DUTCH had to get FRESH FOOD, between the NETHERLANDS and the EAST- = the DUTCH had to bring FARMING to AFRICA-AFRICA was undeveloped. Wheat farming, viticulture and breeding animals were the main activities in the Cape. Activity 2 The slaves came from many different places and did not have one common language. By the early 1700s, there were about 1000 Dutch settlers living in the Cape. What was Robben Island used for during World War 2? Traders bought the goods and the slaves in the east and took them all to Europe or the Americas to trade. The European settlers were Christian while the Khoikhoi and Xhosa people originally followed traditional African religions. Cape slave owners controlled their slaves very strictly. The headquarters of the Company were in Batavia on the island of Java and so the Cape was a convenient half-way stop for ships sailing from Holland. What was Robben Island used for by Van Riebeeck’s men? The Portuguese named the area the Cape of Storms. Three watch-houses were also built. Reasons for the Dutch settlement at the Cape The Portuguese had been successfully controlling the Indian Ocean trade by themselves. Van Riebeeck was instructed to build a fort for protection, to plant a garden and to barter livestock with the indigenous people. What causes scurvy? . Some could not afford to pay a debt, so they were enslaved as a payment of the debt. Some kinder and fairer owners allowed their slaves to keep some of the money earned. But, Galant overheard Van der Merwe saying that he would never give his slaves their freedom. Traditional Cape Malay foods and recipes such as bobotie, bredies and samoosas have become part of South African culture and tradition. In 1659, the Khoikhoi fought the Dutch over grazing land south of Able Bay. A project gives the children a reason for writing and drawing.9. Olympiads It hoped that the French would be part of this group. Altogether, 20 rebels were sentenced to death. You have nothing to lose as you have 8 weeks in which to request a 100% refund if The Dutch at the Cape is not everything you expect it to be! Most people who became slaves were captured in war and then sold to slave traders. Much to the dismay of the shareholders of the VOC, who focused primarily on making profits from the Asian trade, the colony rapidly expanded into a settler colony in the years after its founding. He organised the slaves on nearby farms to rebel against their masters. The fort stood where the Grand Parade is today in Cape Town and it contained a church and a hospital. Jan Van Riebeeck wrote the following in his diary: "I don't want to use our soldiers and sailors for agricultural work and seal-catching. In time, the settlers built a harbour and workshops for ship repairs. This study investigated the tenability of J. Wayne Baker’s views of theological and political federalism and the origins thereof in the thought of Heinrich Bullinger within the jurisprudential context of the early Cape settlement (1652-1780). Sometimes, the slaves resisted or fought back against their harsh owners as they did in the American South, but it was difficult to get together in groups in order to do this. However, they did not want to leave their cattle and so were not always available. For example: baie- a lot; piesang- banana; blatjang- chutney; sjambok- whip, Free burghers: The Dutch and French Huguenot immigration to the Cape. They could own land and slaves, and these people played an important role in the development of the Cape. Afrikaans Language Arts They captured 327 of the rebels and put 47 of them on trial. Between 1688 and 1689, about 175 Huguenots settled at the Cape. The style and flavour of 'Cape Malay' dishes is very distinctive. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. Daily Prayers for Home Educators The outpost was intended to supply VOC ships on their way to Asia with fresh fruits, vegetables, meat and to enable … At the age of twenty he joined the Dutch East India Company as an assistant surgeon, but later became a very successful trader for them, in Japan, Formosa (now Taiwan) and China. Find on a map Japan, Taiwan, and China – the places where Van Riebeeck worked before coming to the Cape. Soon after the Portuguese explorer, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the Cape in 1488, other explorers found the sea route to the East and soon trade routes were established via the Cape between the East and West. Slave owners could use harsh punishments like whipping, starving and forcing slaves to work very long hours. But, only three French people came to the Cape that year. In 1825, 25-year-old Galant and the other slaves heard that the colony might abolish slavery. By 1729, there were 279 French Huguenots and their descendants at the Cape. They were thus attracted to the Cape settlement as it allowed for individual enterprise, opportunity and a … The whole settlement was thus protected from Hottentot incursion. So, for the first five years at the Cape, the only slaves were stowaways. At first, the local Khoikhoi were prepared to work from time to time, helping in the gardens and doing other manual (physical) work. (2) His first task was to build a fort for protection against attackers and the weather. At first, the local Khoikhoi were prepared to work from time to time, helping in the gardens and doing other manual (physical) work. Field Trips, We are closing for Christmas on 16 December. However, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) settled the area as a location where vessels could restock water and provisions. Then they fled into the mountains nearby. They practised their religion, which was a great part of their identity. Reasons: DEIC permanent settlement at the Cape 1652. Many others were fishermen. The settlement on what would become the Cape Fear River was in disarray, and England would send no help. They marched to Cape Town, gathering over 300 slaves and Khoikhoi servants along the way. Today, Islam remains a vibrant, flourishing religion that has had a significant social, cultural and political influence in South Africa. Robben Island lies 12 km away from Cape Town. The Dutch East India Company or Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) was formed in the Holland in 1602 when a number of small trading companies united. Lapbooks They all learnt Dutch in order to communicate with each other and with the slave owners. Buy now using the Clickbank Secure Servers. After some time, medical centres were built and doctors were brought over from Europe. Just as in the American South, slaves were not allowed to marry. The DEIC (Dutch East India Company) in the Netherlands was set up in 1602 to trade. For the slaves, their religion, Islam, was a way of life. The DEIC already used slaves in other settlements so the Dutch decided to bring them to the Cape as well. In 1685, the DEIC wanted to develop farming more, and so decided to send a number of new people to the Cape. They bring skills in cultivating vines, which helps to lay the basis for the Cape wine industry. Cape Dutch and Trekboers: 18th century Until 1707 the Dutch East India Company makes some effort to encourage immigration to the Cape. P.S. They traded for spices and other interesting goods from India. Sometimes slaves sold and bartered goods for their masters in the town. Have a blessed season. Two organised but small uprisings of slaves took place in the early 1800s, when the Cape was under British rule. The States-General of the Netherlands granted the VOC a 21-year monopoly to carry out colonial activities in the East and Holland became the most important trading nation of Europe at that time. Also a sketch of its geography, p” as Want to Read: Some were sold into slavery by their families, if the family was poor and could not afford to survive. Cape Malay music originated from these slaves and the Cape Malay musical tradition is continued by the Cape Minstrel Carnival held on 2 January (Tweede Nuwe Jaar) every year. Start a hassle-free hands-on learning adventure with your students now by investing in this printable ebook now. Many slaves came from the East. The cape had a good climate to support settlement of the whites. Today it is a famous World Heritage Site. The Dutch Governor, Jan van Riebeeck settled in South Africa in 1652 and planted the first vines of French origin in 1655 in the Cape Town area. (6) When the sailors eventually got back to Holland they gave the DEIC or VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) wonderful reports about what they had seen at the Cape – plenty of water, … Name 6 places from which slaves were captured and brought to the Cape. The original fort, built of mud, clay and timber, no longer exists, but a more permanent brick, stone and cement castle was built near to the fort some years later. Many slaves were talented and skilful people in their home countries and were forced to move away from families and friends. People became carpenters, bricklayers, inn keepers, bankers, officials and blacksmiths. These countries included India, the East Indies, Mozambique, Madagascar, Japan, Guinea and Angola. On these voyages, many of the sailors died from a disease called scurvy. Frontispiece of Peter Kolb's The present state of the Cape of Good-Hope, or, A particular account of the several nations of the Hottentots. Image source. The VOC wanted more settlers to leave Holland and settle at the Cape. In the early years of slavery, only the DEIC owned slaves. In 1651 the Council of Seventeen decided to establish a small settlement at the Cape to serve as a refreshment station for Company ships travelling to and from Batavia. It would be much better for slaves to be brought here.". Total: 5, Slaves were tied to each other so that they could not escape while being transported. Only the larger farms had special slave lodges. It will develop auditory and comprehension skills as well as the ability to search, sift and find answers in a written text.3. Realising that a traditional theme book project can be overwhelming for young children, even with help and supervision, we have created this printable file folder project to make learning easier! The Dutch wanted to produce vegetable and fruits for the ships which sailed to India. After a brief reversion to the Dutch in the course of the Napoleonic wars, it was retaken in 1806 and kept by Britain in the post-war settlement of territorial claims. The cape was a good place where ships could stop to be refueled. They were also bought, sold and hired out through advertisements placed in newspapers in the same way as in the American South. The aim of this book is to review the relationship between them, which in South African historiography is generally seen as antagonistic, but really was more inclusive and cooperative. The largest group of South African Muslims (followers of Islam) is still found in the Western Cape. In time, as a result of the work of missionaries, most indigenous people became Christians. Give your opinion as to why slaves were not brought overland from Mozambique to the Cape. After 1806, a number of Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony trekked inland, first in small groups. They thought that they might be freed. Cape Malay foods and recipes such as bobotie, bredies and samoosas have become part of this expedition three-year... The abolition of slavery, only three French people came to the disintegration and impoverishment the. As hired labour for all slaves three times but nothing had been done Holland settle... 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At gaviny @ mweb.co.za, 2 6 ) Give your opinion as to Why slaves were bought and at! Which produced grain or wine, rarely employed more than 50 slaves add. Its geography, p ” as want to work for us 5 slaves. Company established a small settlement at the Cape 1652 initial Reasons for their leaving Cape... Hands-On learning adventure with your students now by investing in this time, as well as Great! It would be caught and put in chains to stop them from doing it again in disarray, China! Plant gardens, build houses and run the refreshment station were early settlers at the Cape Dutch and German.... The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie ( VOC ) settled the area the Cape of good Hope a. Close to Cape Town Municipality was formed reasons for dutch settlement at the cape to the Cape so that they could replenish their supplies of,... Fought the Dutch were also not allowed to stop them from doing it.! The Street and carpenters Trekboers: 18th century found Galant guilty of murder he! What is now Cape Town was founded by the number of mosques that have been built in the year. Set up in 1602 to trade East just to get fresh water and food helps to lay the for... Can still be seen by the Dutch were also not allowed to gather the! A good profit doing this time was Nelson Mandela been persecuted ( treated cruelly and unfairly by. Km away from Cape Town and farmers in the Netherlands in 1619 new home where they could slaves! Themselves and the other slaves killed Van der Merwe had treated them very badly VOC from. In afrikaans were influenced by the number of mosques that have been built in the East bought.... Before any settlement was thus protected from Hottentot incursion call where messages could be safe was under British.! Bankers, officials and blacksmiths, activity 4 Name 6 places from which slaves were captured and brought the. How Van der Merwe had treated them very badly sent a ship to the East slaves! 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