alexander kolchak tno

In December 1903, Kolchak was on his way back to St. Petersburg, there to marry his fiancee Sophia Omirova. Kolchak was an admiral in Russia’s navy and had been a follower of Alexander Kerensky and his Provisional Government that governed before the Bolshevik takeover. In 2004, the Constitutional Court of Russia returned the Kolchak case to the military court for another hearing. Under Russian law he remains a criminal - just as he was judged in 1920 when captured by Siberian revolutionaries, who found him guilty - without a formal trial - of the killing of thousands of workers and peasants who had revolted against his authority. Alexander Kolchak Anna Timiryova London, United Kingdom 22.08.17. Monuments dedicated to Kolchak were built in Saint Petersburg in 2002 and in Irkutsk in 2004, despite objections from some former Communist and left-wing politicians and former Soviet army veterans. Kolchak’s government issued a decree on 3 December 1918 stating, "In order to preserve the system and rule of the Supreme Ruler, articles of the criminal code of Imperial Russia were revised, Articles 99 and 100 of which established capital punishment for assassination attempts on the Supreme Ruler and for attempting to overthrow his government. Corrections? As a military commander he was unable to make successful strategic plans or to coordinate with other White Army generals such as Yudenich or Denikin. His armies, though at first successful, eventually were routed. The remaining cabinet members met and voted for Kolchak to become the head of government with emergency powers. This is a Russian politician, vice-admiral of the Russian Imperial Fleet. "[5], On 11 April 1919, the Kolchak's government adopted Regulation no. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Admiral Kolchak was not successful from the time of his taking the position of Supreme Ruler until his death, though it must be borne in mind that he operated under very difficult circumstances. Bureaucratic sabotage under Article 329 was punishable by hard labor from 15 to 20 years. In late December Irkutsk fell under the control of a leftist group (including SRs-Mensheviks) and formed the Political Centre. Kolchak serves in the navy. Kolchak had returned to Omsk on 16 November from an inspection tour. He joined the Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok (1895-1899). The SRs opened negotiations with the Bolsheviks and in January 1919 the SR People's Army joined with the Red Army. Instead, he was handed over to the Left SR authorities in Irkutsk on 14 January. The arrested SR politicians were expelled from Siberia and ended up in Europe. Kolchak's agrarian policy was directed toward restoring private land ownership. However, two rehabilitation requests have been denied, by a regional military court in 1999 and by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in 2001. After a series of coups and countercoups wracked the White government, Kolchak was eventually offered the position of "Supreme Ruler", which he accepted. When Omsk fell to the Red Army on Nov. 14, 1919, Kolchak transferred his headquarters to Irkutsk, but on Jan. 4, 1920, he was forced to resign when a Socialist Revolutionary–Menshevik group seized power in that city. In 1916, in a model combined Army-Navy assault, the Russian Black Sea fleet helped the Russian army to take the Ottoman city of Trebizond (modern Trabzon). Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of … In the case of unauthorized return from exile, there could be hard labor from 4 to 8 years. Kolchak was then promised safe passage by the Czechoslovaks to the British military mission in Irkutsk. Problems of Polar Research: a Series of Papers by Thirty-one Authors. Göring's War Plan C involves the invasion of nuclear-equipped powers: Fall Schwarz for Burgundy, Fall Rockwell for USA, and Fall Dämmerung for Japan. Kolchak was born in 1874 in the city of St. Petersburg. Admiral Essenwas not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the ap… The testimony of Kolchak and other Siberian materials. Kolchak’s wife, Sophia Fedorovna Kolchak, was born in 1876 in Kamenetz-Podolsk province. He refused to consider autonomy for ethnic minorities, refused to collaborate with non-Bolshevik leftists, and relied too heavily on outside aid. They held that line until October, but the constant loss of men killed or wounded was beyond the White rate of replacement. In the early stages of the Russo-Japanese War, he served as watch officer on the cruiser Askold,[3] and later commanded the destroyer Serdityi. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was wounded in the final battles for Port Arthur and taken as a prisoner of war to Nagasaki, where he spent four months. Director Andrei Kravchuk described the film as follows, "It's about a man who tries to create history, to take an active part in history, as he gets caught in the turmoil. On the contrary, a former Chief of Staff to Admiral Kolchak wrote,[11]. When the Red forces managed to reorganise and turn the attack against Kolchak, from 1919 he quickly lost ground. Lebedev, Paul J. Bubnar, and his staff. Alexander Kolchak was born on November 4, 1874, was killed on February 7, 1920. The modern Russian Navy thought about naming the third ship of the new Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates, Admiral Kolchak to commemorate the Admiral but the time was not right and the name was not assigned. "Aleksandr Kolchak" 분류에 속하는 미디어 다음은 이 분류에 속하는 파일 169개 가운데 169개입니다. He was a brilliant man, and learned quickly. Kolchak took part in the Polar expedition led by Eduard Toll (1900-1902). The northern army under the Russian Anatoly Pepelyayev and the Czech Rudolf Gajda seized Perm in late December 1918 and after a pause other forces spread out from this strategic base. His father was a retired major-general of the Marine Artillery, who was actively engaged in the siege of Sevastopol in 1854–55 and after his retirement worked as an engineer in ordnance works near St. Petersburg. The former Tsarist laws were restored. He failed to unite all the disparate elements. Extracts from it were published under the title "The Arctic Pack and the Polynya" in the volume issued in 1929 by the American Geographical Society, Problems of Polar Research. Kolchak's fleet was successful at sinking Turkish colliers. Ivan Bunin wrote in his diary, "4/17 June 1919. Political intrigues were unknown to them and they were ready to work with men of any political party, so long as they knew that these men were sincere in their endeavours to free Russia... and to make it possible, after the end of the war, for a National Assembly, chosen by the people, to decide the character of the future Government of Russia. The White forces took Ufa in March 1919 and pushed on from there to take Kazan and approach Samara on the Volga River. The White Army under the command of General Vladimir Kappel advanced toward Irkutsk while Kolchak was interrogated by a commission of five men representing the Revolutionary Committee (REVKOM) during nine days between 21 January and 6 February. The transfer of power to Semyonov proved a particularly ill-considered move. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak, (born Nov. 4 [Nov. 16, New Style], 1874, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 7, 1920, Irkutsk, Siberia), Arctic explorer and naval officer, who was recognized in 1919–20 by the “Whites” as supreme ruler of Russia; after … Kolchak was unfamiliar with combat on land and gave the majority of the strategic planning to D.A. He was summarily executed and his body thrown into the Angara River. Join Facebook to connect with Alexandr Kolchak and others you may know. In February 1920, some 20,000 partisans took control of the Amur region. The squad fired and both men fell. He was approached and refused to take power. During the Russian Civil War, he established a reactionary government in Siberia—later the Provisional All-Russian Government—and was recognised as the "Supreme Ruler and Commander-in-Chief of All Russian Land and Sea Forces" by the other leaders of the White movement (1918–1920). According to eyewitnesses, Kolchak was entirely calm and unafraid, "like an Englishman." White Siberia, N.G.O. He stated that the only way to save the country was to reestablish discipline and restore capital punishment in the army and navy. Pereira. McGill-Queens University Press, 1996. Age: 36 (January 9, 1883). He was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval college in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion … Kolchak joined the opposition to the Bolsheviks, commonly called the "Whites" (the Bolsheviks were commonly called the "Reds"). He made several night sorties to lay naval mines, one of which succeeded in sinking the Japanese cruiser Takasago. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [O.S. The legislation was published in the Omsk newspaper Omsk Gazette (no. Reluctantly, Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a heavy sense of foreboding, he returned to Russia. 4 November] 1874 – 7 February 1920) was a polar explorer and commander in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. Kolchak took part in designing the special icebreakers Taimyr and Vaigach, launched in 1909 spring 1910. These partisans were especially strong in the provinces of Altai and Yeniseysk. He was soon transferred to the Far East, serving in Vladivostok from 1895 to 1899. Alexander Kolchak, the son of a major-general of the Marine Artillery, was born in St Petersburg in 1873. [4], Although the news of Kolchak's ascension to power spread very slowly behind Bolshevik lines, it caused considerable excitement among anti-communist Russians living there. For his explorations Kolchak received the highest award of the Russian Geographical Society. "[7], Sovietskaya Rossiya, an official organ of the Soviet Bureau established by Ludwig Martens, quoted a Menshevik organ, Vsegda Vperyod, alleging that Kolchak's men used mass floggings and razed entire villages to the ground with artillery fire. Occupation: Soldier (Russo-Japanese War), Colonel (Great War), OOB Vice-Chief (present). [8], In an excerpt from the order of the government of Yenisei county in Irkutsk province, General. [4], Kolchak acknowledged all of Russia's debts, returned factories and plants to their owners, granted concessions to foreign investors, dispersed trade unions, persecuted Marxists, and disbanded the soviets. What is jarring for this jolly picture is the decision taken by a Russian court and the Military Prosecutor's Office not to rehabilitate Kolchak. The film portrays the Admiral (Konstantin Khabensky) as a tragic hero with a very deep love for his country. I call upon you, citizens, to unite and to sacrifice your all, if necessary, in the struggle with Bolshevism. Ufa was taken by the Red Army on 9 June and later that month the Red forces under Tukhachevsky broke through the Urals. Based in Vladivostok, these vessels were sent on a cartographic expedition to the Bering Strait and Cape Dezhnev. The Socialist-Revolutionary (SR) Directory leader and members were arrested on 18 November by a troop of Cossacks under ataman Krasilnikov. Kolchak also came under threat from other quarters: local opponents began to agitate and international support began to wane, with even the British turning more towards Denikin. The American commander, General William S. Graves, personally disliked the Kolchak government, which he saw as Monarchist and autocratic, a view that was shared by the American President, Woodrow Wilson. When the news was received by the then Naval Minister of the Provisional Government, Alexander Kerensky, he ordered Kolchak to leave immediately for America (Admiral James H. Glennon, member of American mission, headed by Senator Elihu Root invited Kolchak to go to America in order to give the American Navy Department information on Bosphorus). Kolchak was removed from command of the fleet in June and travelled to Petrograd. The Admiral asked the commander of the firing squad, "Would you be so good as to get a message sent to my wife in Paris to say that I bless my son?" Returning to Saint Petersburg in April 1905, Kolchak was promoted to lieutenant commander. Admiral Essen was not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the approaches of the German naval bases. Kolchak was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874. Having served with distinction in both the Russo-Japanese War and the Great War, Kislitsin is a very … Background Checks In November 1918, the unpopular regional government was overthrown in a British sponsored coup d'etat. Kolchak was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion of the city. At the outbreak of World War I, Kolchak was flag captain of the Baltic fleet. Kolchak failed to convince potentially friendly Finland join with him against the Bolsheviks. 428, "About the dangers of public order due to ties with the Bolshevik Revolt". During the civil war entered the historic Chronicles as the leader of the White movement. Alexander Kolchak was one of the White leaders during the civil war that followed the November 1917 Revolution. Kolchak was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion of the city. The Red counter-attack began in late April at the centre of the White line, aiming for Ufa. There he presented his view on the condition of the Russian armed forces and their complete demoralisation. Erect for Kolchak: Exaggerated expression of admiration for Alexander Kolchak, ruler of Transamur, mostly because of his underdog status as head of a tiny country with ambitions to reclaim all of Russia. Initially the White forces under his command had some success. "White Power during the Civil War in Siberia (1918-1920): Dilemmas of Kolchak's "War Anti-Communism,". In the summer of 1919 partisans of the Altai Region united to form the Western Siberian Peasants' Red Army (25,000 men). Not far from Irkutsk, he received notice of the start of war with the Empire of Japan and hastily summoned his bride and her father to Siberia by telegram for a wedding before heading directly to Port Arthur. Since his father had a military career, perhaps it was natural that young Alexander would train as a naval cadet. Цветков В. Ж. Белый террор – преступление или наказание? Жизнь и деятельность", http://militera.lib.ru/bio/plotnikov/03.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak?oldid=4779550, Admiral Kolchak. Aleksandr Kolchak was born in the village of Aleksandrovskoye, near Saint Petersburg. Kolchak's territories covered over 300,000 km² and held around 7 million people. He … Articles 99–101 allowed the death penalty, forced labor and imprisonment, repression by military courts, and imposed no investigation commissions. Personality assessment Kolchak is one of the most controversial and tragic pages of Russian history of the 20th century. As a result, both refused to grant him any aid. In 1899 he joined a polar expedition in the Arctic under the leadership of Edouard von Toll, a Baltic German. Admiral Aleksandr V. Kolchak (born 16 November 1874) was the former supreme military commander of all White Russian forces during the Russian Civil War and head of the Provisional All-Russian Government immediately afterward, before fleeing to Siberia following a failed coup in 1924. The bodies were kicked and prodded down an escarpment and dumped under the ice of the frozen Angara River. On 20 January the government in Irkutsk surrendered power to a Bolshevik military committee. “With great sorrow, the Chief Board of the Union of the Descendants of Gallipoli informs you that this morning, March 9, 2019, Alexander Rostis Kolchak, grandson of Admiral Alexander V. Kolchak, the Supreme Ruler of Russia, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army, departed to … Aleksandr Vasilijevitj Koltjak (ryska: Александр Васильевич Колчак), född 16 november 1874 i Sankt Petersburg, arkebuserad 7 februari 1920 i Irkutsk, var en rysk marinbefälhavare och därefter antibolsjevikisk ledare.Han var under delar av ryska inbördeskriget antikommunistisk statschef och den viktigaste ledaren för den vita armén Alexander Kolchak's Short Biography : November 4, 1874 (November 16, 1874 old style) Birth in St. Petersburg, Russia : 1904 - 1905 : Russo-Japanese War. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. S. Rozanov said:[4]. Her father was privy councilor Fedor Omirov. After considerable hardship, Kolchak returned in December 1902; Eduard Toll with three other members went further north and were lost. Gender: Male. Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, Jonathan D. Smele. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. Her mother Daria Fyodorovna was the daughter of Major-General, Director of the Forest Institute F. A. Kamensky, sister of sculptor F. F. Kamensky. The Council of Ministers, having all the power in its hands, has invested me, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, with this power. Bogdanov, St. Petersburg Sudostroyeniye 1993. He was on the Naval General Staff from 1906, helping draft a shipbuilding program, training program, and developing a new protection plan for St. Petersburg and the Gulf of Finland area. 32 (Jan., 1933), pp. One of their first actions was to dismiss Kolchak. Stanford University Press. I have accepted this responsibility in the exceptionally difficult circumstances of civil war and complete disorganisation of the country, and I now make it known that I shall follow neither the reactionary path nor the deadly path of party strife. Have been accidental or sabotage asked Kolchak to accept the leadership of Edouard von Toll a... 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The Communists news of Kolchak 's government adopted Regulation no for ethnic,... 4, 1874, was killed on February 7, 1920 with this power via Japan to start redeploying of! ( Konstantin Khabensky ) as a result, both refused to grant him any military aid all. Omsk brought him absolute power there based in Vladivostok from 1895 to 1899 the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get! And members were arrested on 18 November by a troop of Cossacks under ataman Krasilnikov rites to men. Only reached Nizhneudinsk for that?, typhus became a serious problem by... Graves, alexander kolchak tno Kolchak and refused to consider autonomy for ethnic minorities, to... After decades of being vilified by the Soviet government, Kolchak returned in December 1903, Kolchak offered to in!, Kazan, Viatka, and Samara assisted their endeavours northern Army, staged an abortive in... British suggestions and with a heavy sense of foreboding, he lost track of the port tightened the. Were lost American commander, General sent on a cartographic expedition to the population: [ citation needed...., and he continues to love War minister in the village of,. Burned down but his government was overthrown in a British sponsored coup d'etat a... 'S fleet was successful at sinking Turkish colliers, Viatka, and relied too heavily on outside aid Siberia! And uniformed by the Soviet government, Kolchak was born on November,... Came into being in the rebuilding of the frozen Angara River denounced Kolchak and others you may.! October alexander kolchak tno he went to Omsk, where he became an important Army. 110,000 men into the field facing roughly 95,000 Bolshevik troops August 1917 Kolchak with several officers left Petrograd Britain... Inscription `` for United Russia – Supreme leader of the White forces took Ufa in 1919... Joined a polar expedition led by Eduard Toll with three other members went further north and were lost Kolchak to. View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Alexandra Kolchak cartographic! Alexander would train as a polar expedition led by Eduard Toll ( 1900-1902 ) Altai Yeniseysk! Angara River Supreme leader of Russia a Kolchak biographical film, titled Admiral ( Адмиралъ ), was released Russia! Provinces of Altai and Yeniseysk the 13th for Irkutsk along the Trans-Siberian Railroad Dilemmas of Kolchak government...

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